The end of 1917, when victory seemed certain for the Central Powers

The Central Powers were at their most favourable moment at the end of 1917. Russia had fallen prey to revolutions and the Bolsheviks, Lenin suing for peace. Russia’s exit from the war would have dramatic consequences for Romania, the only other Eastern European ally...

What did Woodrow Wilson thought about the Russian Bolsheviks at the end of the First World War

US President Woodrow Wilson believed that the Russians alone had to find their way. He told a British diplomat in Washington a week before the end of the war that: “I think we have to let them find their own way out, even if they have been struggling in anarchy for...

The German offensive on the Western Front in 1918, the Spanish flu and the Allies

Following the conclusion of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Russian Bolsheviks, Germany concentrated its forces on the Western Front. But the military offensives in the spring and early summer of 1918 were thwarted by both Allied soldiers and an unexpected enemy-...

The strategy of the Russian Bolsheviks in the negotiations of Brest-Litovsk

One week after the signing of the armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, negotiations between the two sides for the signing of a peace treaty began in Brest-Litovsk. The Bolsheviks successfully insisted that the talks be public, something never seen before...

The Treaty of Versailles and Clemenceau’s predictions

It was just after 3 pm, on June 28th, 1918, when the two German ministers elected for the ungrateful task of signing the Peace Treaty entered the great Hall of Mirrors in the Versailles Palace. German Foreign Minister Hermann Muller and Transport Minister Johannes...

The Treaty of Versailles and Clemenceau’s predictions

It was just after 3 pm, on June 28th, 1918, when the two German ministers elected for the ungrateful task of signing the Peace Treaty entered the great Hall of Mirrors in the Versailles Palace. German Foreign Minister Hermann Muller and Transport Minister Johannes...