Propaganda war on the Romanian Front in the autumn of 1917

With the end of the Battle of Oituz, the Central Powers began to shift their attention, but also most of their troops, to the Western Front. On the Romanian Front, however, the Central Powers began an ample propaganda war. The Central Powers began transferring troops...

The Romanian Front in the autumn of 1917: “A miraculous balancing act”

By engaging additional enemy troops at Mărăști, Mărăşeşti and Oituz in the summer of 1917, Romania helped its allies fighting on the Western and the Italian fronts. But more than that, the Romanian theatre of operations was one of the few encouraging episodes to the...

Why was Romania forced to call for an armistice?

The great battles of Mărăști, Mărășești and Oituz in the summer of 1917 had a significant impact on the Romanian forces, increasing the morale and confidence in their own strength. Romanian general Alexandru Averescu called the Battle of Mărăști “the first real...

Chaos and infighting between the former allies: the returning of the Russian soldiers to Bolshevik Russia

The hopes of Romania, but also of the Entente, to maintain the Eastern Front through the winter of 1917-1918 were dashed by the armistice of Brest-Litovsk, signed between Bolshevik Russia and the Central Powers on November 26/December 7, 1917. The armistice would seal...

The testimonies of an Austro-Hungarian soldier: “In these moments a man forgets about his parents, about death, and he becomes much like a wild animal”

Nikolaus Páll was a soldier in the army of the Austro-Hungarian Empire during the First World War. In a small notebook he wrote about his wartime experiences: as he was sent to the Italian Alps, the conditions he witnessed at the front, his comrades, about desperation...

Treaty of Trianon, and Protocol

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY and JAPAN, These Powers being described in the present Treaty as the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,  BELGIUM, CHINA, CUBA, GREECE, NICARAGUA, PANAMA, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROUMANIA, THE...