The train carriage in which the First World War ended

At 11 o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, inside a train carriage in a clearing near Compiègnea, the armistice between the powers of the Entente and Germany was signed. Negotiations began on November 8 in a train carriage that had been...

The birth of Czechoslovakia and the chaos of Austro-Hungarian empire

In Europe, the 20th century began with the apocalyptic finale of the age of the continent’s last authoritarian empires. By the time the smoke of the First World War had cleared, the Russian czars, the German kaisers, and the Austrian emperors had been swept into the...

The Romanian Legion in Prague

On October 30, when the Czech Republic declared itself independent, a military unit of former soldiers and Austrian-Hungarian officers was formed in Prague, whose main purpose was to organize and leave immediately for Transylvania to help the new Romanian authorities...

The autumn of 1918, a chronology of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

The First World War ended with the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Dual Monarchy came out of the conflict it has caused split in half, with its two constituent parts permanently separated. Moreover, these territories themselves were in turn broken up,...

The end of the Great War brought about the proclamation of the Czechoslovak Republic

One of the great surprises and changes on the map of Europe, with the end of the First World War, was the independence of Czechoslovakia. On October 28, 1918, the Czechs and Slovaks created Czechoslovakia, taking advantage of the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian...

The Romanian Legion in Prague

On October 30, when the Czech Republic declared itself independent, a military unit of former soldiers and Austrian-Hungarian officers was formed in Prague, whose main purpose was to organize and leave immediately for Transylvania to help the new Romanian authorities...

The Romanian Legion in Prague

The Romanian Legion in Prague

On October 30, when the Czech Republic declared itself independent, a military unit of former soldiers and Austrian-Hungarian officers was formed in Prague, whose main purpose was to organize and leave immediately for Transylvania to help the new Romanian authorities...

Lenin’s April Theses, April 1917

In Russian the "Aprelskiye Tezisy", the April Theses formed a programme developed by Lenin during the 1917 Russian Revolution.  In these Lenin called for Soviet control of the state.  When published the theses contributed to the July Days rising and to the subsequent...

The Abdication of Nicholas II

Nicholas II signed his abdication on 15 March 1917 (2 March, Julian Calendar), at 3.05 pm. The document was countersigned by the Minister of the Imperial Court, and directed to the Chief of Staff. In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for...

Treaty of Trianon, and Protocol

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY and JAPAN, These Powers being described in the present Treaty as the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,  BELGIUM, CHINA, CUBA, GREECE, NICARAGUA, PANAMA, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROUMANIA, THE...

Who took Odobeşti Hill?

The young captain Erwin Rommel was also involved in the attack on Focșani, commanding a detachment of the Wurttemberg Mountain Battalion. His actions are described in a book published in 1937, “Infanterie greif an” (The infantry attacks). However, there is one thing...