Queen Marie, face to face with Clemenceau: “Transylvania up to the Tisa and all of Banat”

On March 6, 1919, Queen Marie asked to be received in an audience by the Prime Minister of France, Georges Clemenceau. The protocol required, even if the visit was not an official one, that the politician go to the Ritz to greet the queen. The official response was...

The suffering of the Romanian prisoners in the German camps during the First World War

Romania entered the First World War on the side of the Entente in 1916, after 2 years of neutrality. During the course of the conflict, a number of 237.942 men were taken prisoner by the armies of the Central Powers, most of them by German troops. Documents prepared...

The actions undertaken by the National Bank of Romania during the Great War

During the First World War, the National Bank of Romania was one of the key institutions of the country. Between 1916 and 1918, during Romania’s participation in the war, the governor of the National Bank was Ioan G. Bibicescu, a remarkable figure in Romania’s...

The Forest of the Hanged, the novel that illustrates the tragedy of Transylvanian Romanians during the Great War

First published in 1922, the Forest of the Hanged is one of the most important novels in the history of Romanian literature. The novel written by Liviu Rebreanu is inspired by the tragedy of his brother, Emil Rebreanu. He was a lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian army,...

Constantin Scărișoreanu, the first Romanian officer advanced to the rank of general on the battlefield

Born on January 11, 1869 in the village of Rucăr, Muscel County, Constantin Scărișoreanu distinguished himself during the First World War, being the first Romanian officer advanced to the rank of brigadier general on the battlefield, on October 14, 1916. A graduate of...

Lenin’s April Theses, April 1917

In Russian the "Aprelskiye Tezisy", the April Theses formed a programme developed by Lenin during the 1917 Russian Revolution.  In these Lenin called for Soviet control of the state.  When published the theses contributed to the July Days rising and to the subsequent...

The Abdication of Nicholas II

Nicholas II signed his abdication on 15 March 1917 (2 March, Julian Calendar), at 3.05 pm. The document was countersigned by the Minister of the Imperial Court, and directed to the Chief of Staff. In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for...

The hunger in Romania between 1917 and 1918: “There is a great lack of food. The Germans take and take every day. Whole trains are heading day and night towards Germany”

The image of Romania during the German occupation is that of dying country. Bread was the basic food during the occupation for most of the urban population, but it was forbidden to sell it to the villages, being replaced with rations of 500 grams of hominy per person....