The Duchy of Bukovina- Demographic change, under Austrian rule

Of all the provinces that had joined with Romania after the First World War, Bukovina was the only one that did not have a majority Romanian population. The area was the political and cultural centre of medieval Moldavia, but almost 150 years of Austrian rule...

Marshal Averescu and Queen Marie, visiting the front.” I felt, more than ever, how ardently I love this country!”

During the war, Queen Marie was of real help not only in hospitals or as a strategist in the political discussions of the time, but also as a moral support for the troops. She often went to the front and encouraged the soldiers in difficult moments, especially when...

The Romania of 1918, from agony to ecstasy

Just seven months before the Great Union of December 1, 1918, Romania was at its lowest moment in history. With most of the country occupied and with a Bolshevik revolution that led to the collapse of the giant Russian Empire, that capitulated at Brest-Litovsk,...

How much did the victories at Mărăști, Mărășești and Oituz count to the Entente?

The enormous losses of the Allies in the summer of 1915 on the Western Front and the defeat of the Russians in Poland convinced the Entente that Romania’s intervention on their side of the conflict is a necessity. The pressure started to build up considerably as the...

Romanian soldiers from Transylvania, in Vienna and Prague

With the dismemberment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Romanian soldiers in Transylvania who were mobilized in the imperial army briefly kept the peace in the major cities of the Empire: Vienna, Prague, Bratislava and Budapest. Before the First World War 2.8 million...
The Romania of 1918, from agony to ecstasy

The Romania of 1918, from agony to ecstasy

Just seven months before the Great Union of December 1, 1918, Romania was at its lowest moment in history. With most of the country occupied and with a Bolshevik revolution that led to the collapse of the giant Russian Empire, that capitulated at Brest-Litovsk,...

Armistice of 11 November 1918

With German military morale in evident decline on the Western Front and revolution brewing at home - Kaiser Wilhelm II was himself obliged to abdicate on 9 November 1918 - the German government determined to negotiate an armistice with the Allies on 6 November, having...

Treaty of Bucharest, 7 May 1918

Romania, having started the war as a neutral, entered on the side of the Allies in August 1916, led by Ion Bratianu, the Allies having promised support for the fullfilment of Romanian national unity. Revolution in Russia in 1917, followed by the Brest-Litovsk peace...