How World War-I shaped India’s fight for freedom

The year was 1914. In the month of June, the first World War broke out. The Great War, as it was known, would go on to redefine the rest of twentieth century. The war would also rekindle a hope, a much-needed direction to the Congress nationalist movement that had...

The peace treaty of Trianon

The Trianon Peace Treaty was signed on June 4th, 1920 by France, Great Britain, Italy, the United States, Japan, Romania, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Czechoslovakia and nine other states, on the one hand, and Hungary, on the other hand, being...

The Great Powers and Hungary at the Paris Peace Conference

The Allies considered Hungary ready to sign the peace at the end of 1919. Thus, they invited the representatives of its government to Paris for final discussions before the conclusion of the peace treaty. The French greeted the Hungarians coldly but cordially, and...

Romania, the Republic of Councils in Hungary and the Great Powers

On March 21st, 1919, the Hungarian Bolsheviks, led by Béla Kun, seized power in Hungary. This was a clear warning sign for Romania, which was the first country severely affected by the Bolshevik threat. Following the Bessarabian Country Council decision in early 1918...

February 1919: The discussion of the union of Transylvania with Romania at the Paris Peace Conference

On February 1st, 1919, the Romanian Prime Minister Ionel Brătianu appeared for the second time before the Supreme Council, this time to support the union of Transylvania with Romania. Ionel Brătianu began his plea with a long exposition of the stages that led him to...
The recognition of Romania as an ally of the Entente

The recognition of Romania as an ally of the Entente

Romania was officially recognized as an ally of the Entente at the end of December 1918 by France, Great Britain, Italy and the US, just a few weeks before the beginning of the Paris Peace Conference in January 1919. The decision of the Russian Bolsheviks to conclude...

The Abdication of Nicholas II

Nicholas II signed his abdication on 15 March 1917 (2 March, Julian Calendar), at 3.05 pm. The document was countersigned by the Minister of the Imperial Court, and directed to the Chief of Staff. In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for...

The news of the armistice, in refuge. «Wilson has publicly stated that he will uphold Romania’s right to unite all of its people into one country»

The First World War, that started on July 28, 1914 ended on November 11, 1918, after nearly 53 months of tragic battles. The armistice between the German Empire and the powers of the Entente was signed on November 11, 1918, at eleven o’clock in the morning. However,...

The Treaty of Versailles and Clemenceau’s predictions

It was just after 3 pm, on June 28th, 1918, when the two German ministers elected for the ungrateful task of signing the Peace Treaty entered the great Hall of Mirrors in the Versailles Palace. German Foreign Minister Hermann Muller and Transport Minister Johannes...